The far right movement is a fusion of different social milieus on the basis of a radical right wing ideology and/or activism.
Influential advocates of radical right wing ideology:
Right-wing public organizations and political parties (Interregional Academy of Personnel Management, national-patriotic organizations, youth organizations)
charismatic leaders (bands, subcultural environment)
foreign ultra-right groups (in the form of subcultural, public, personal influence)
ultra-right organizations («Patriot of Ukraine«, Ukrainian National Labour Party, Blood & Honour)
groups of football hooligans
members of nationalist organizations or right wing political parties
At present right wing violence is committed by:
- mainly 15-17 year old youths. Most violent acts are committed under the influence of alcohol, during or around football matches or other mass events. Their activity is confined to certain districts.
- organized groups of young adults of 18 years and over. These groups generally disguise themselves as ‘anti-antifascist’ activists with an accent on suppression of radical antifascist movement. The majority of these groups have close links with football hooligans as their members have previously been football hooligans or continue to participate actively in relevant football events.
By now the better-known ‘skinhead’ style is a characteristic of novices among the Nazis. Radical far right activists have changed towearing casual style clothes — the clothes of football fans. They rarely put on their ‘dress uniform’ — usually only on mass actions, marshes etc.
Slogans, which manifest xenophobic content or indicate neo-Nazi identity, are used in the form of «battle cries» or chants, as inscriptions or on flyers and stickers. They can be regarded as an intentional incitement to racial discrimination and therefore constitute a criminal act.
White power, White pride, WPSH, WPWW, NSWP
are the most widespread abbreviations. They occur on walls of buildings and on public transport.
Often they are used as «battle cries» before or during an attack.
Heil Hitler, 88, 1488, Anti-antifa
These three initial abbreviations are occurring more and more rarely.
Anti-antifa — this slogan is also used during an attack, mainly against antifascists.
Ukraine for Ukrainians, Migrants go away etc.
These are used mostly for banners, held up during demonstrations, other public actions. Recently they are often used for printed propaganda materials.
The most common time of attacks is after 19 o’clock in the evening.
During mass actions or football matches — an attack may occur at any time of the day.
The most dangerous cities in Ukraine are Kyiv, Ternopil, Lviv, Kharkiv, Odesa, Dnipropetrovsk and Simferopol.
Districts where the activity of ultra-wing groups is increased are bedroom communities in all cities and the suburbs: Obolon, Troeshchyna, Pozniaky in Kiev. The Greek square and the City garden are the places of the highest activity in central Odesa. In Ternopil and Kharkiv the most dangerous zones are near the dormitories of foreign students.
During mass actions or football matches the activity takes place in the central districts. In Kyiv these are Khreshchatyk and the subway stations: «Lev Tolstoi ploshchad», «Kontractova ploshchad», «Khreshchatyk», «Teatralna».
On certain days the activity in Kyiv takes place near «Lybidska», «Vokzalna» and «Petrivka» subway stations.
Surveillance and attack
Attacks are divided into spontaneous and planned.
In case of a spontaneous attack usually no one stands guard.
In case of a planned attack the area may be surveyed by the attackers from half an hour before the attack to 2-3 days of advance. Seriously planned attacks are preceded by preparations which can last 5 days or more.
Usually, 1 or 2 people stand guard during an attack. In most cases the «guards» also participate in the attack.
Groups of attackers use cell phones to coordinate their actions.
Most often group attacks happen in the districts familiar to the attackers and near public transport stops.