WHAT TO DO IF YOU HAVE FALLEN VICTIM TO AN ATTACK ON THE GROUNDS OF RACISM
Immediate Reaction Tips
Shout loudly for help. Make as much noise as you can. Carry a whistle. If you feel threatened, blow your whistle, bang garbage cans, honk your horn, or shout to attract attention. Noise may be your most effective defense.
As soon as you can, go somewhere you know is safe. Move towards light, walk out of a subway. Run to elder women, the police or public place.
Get help immediately.
CALL POLICE 102!  if possible and try to let perpetrators realize that you’ve done so.
Try to stay out of arm’s reach of the attacker. Don’t let the attacker move you into an alley or car. Your best defense if the attacker persists is to scream and run.
Show resistance. Try to avoid physical confrontation, but when it is inevitable – stand up. Even an attempt of resistance stops a majority of attackers.
Fence your head and watch knives. If an attacker has a knife – don`t try to snatch it away. Keep your free hand near a throat and move not to find yourself in a corner.
You should move constantly and try to get behind the attacker`s back.
A person holding a knife or any other object most probably will fix on just using it. Take advantage of it. Most often blows by a bottle are stroke top-down. It is easy to avoid them. Knife stabs most often target face or belly. Knuckle blows are slower than usual and target head – do not expose it. Do not run off backwards – move to sides and do not turn your back.
Keep breathing and do not waste your strength – an attacker gets exhausted quicker and you will have a chance to counterattack or run away if you will not succumb to panic.
If there are some attackers do not let them encircle you. Choose the weakest person and break a circle through him/her – push out, run on.
Care for your clothes – they may seize it and knock you off your feet.
If you have suffered bodily injuries as a result of the attack:
Try to stanch a wound.
Call 103 for emergency ambulance, if you feel pain. Unfortunately, as a rule it takes some 40-60 minutes for a communal medical car to come. So, if you have serious damage it is better to call a private clinic ambulance.
Call your kin and friends, ask them to come to the place of incident or clinic. Also ask them to bring some money with them. Medical treatment in the private hospitals is provided on a fee paid basis (from 1000 UAH). Even if you have medical insurance or are in a state hospital, money might be needed to buy some medicine or some staple commodities.
Even if you don’t have medical insurance or money to pay for the treatment, state owned clinics/hospitals/trauma centers/ambulance are obliged to carry out an examination and provide you with emergency medical treatment free of charge.
Show a doctor all injuries. Agree to be hospitalized.
Even if you feel that you can handle the consequences of the bodily injuries on your own, it is nonetheless recommended to seek professional medical help. Symptoms of some serious traumas, which require immediate treatment, may appear only in some time when it may be too late to prevent drastic consequences.
(In the Directory of useful contacts attached to this publication, you will find a contact list of relevant medical institutions located in Kiev, which might be useful in such situations. See also section Right of Foreigners in Ukraine to Medical Care.)
Note! If the bodily injuries of a person who enter any medical institution have been caused by violence, the doctor is obliged to inform the police of this fact. This doesn’t necessarily mean that law enforcement officers will immediately come to talk to you at the medical institution you are being treated in. But be aware that this is possible.
If you have been attacked, don’t shower or change your clothes as it may destroy evidence. You can take pictures with a camera or a mobile phone camera of your injuries. Try to recall names, sex and number of perpetrators, their exact words, symbols, clothes and appearance. (see section Documenting a crime). All this may be useful for the purposes of investigation of the crime committed against you.
Inform your embassy, parents and university about what happened to you.
If you are a witness:
- in an emergency, dial 102 (police) or/and 103 (ambulance);
- call for help, shout (mind that you have to be at a safe distance from the incident yourself). This may frighten off the perpetrators and save somebody’s life;
- stay alert and safe;
- don’t physically intervene, you could get hurt;
- as soon as you can, write down everything that you can remember about the incident;
- report the incident to the police.